Is the leader the reason why there’s low trust on the team?
The leader of a team and of the entire organization sets the tone for the group’s culture and level of trust. If you’ve given the Five Behaviors Team Development assessment to a team that scored low in trust, or see low levels, it might be a good time to look at the leader. A leader who doesn’t trust his or her team can discourage trust among the team members, too.
Poor leadership habits, fears, and personal ambition can plant the seeds of distrust in groups. Research by Jon Maner, a professor of management and organizations at Kellogg School of Management, asserts that some leaders “will intentionally sideline high-performing team members, limit communication and social bonding among team members, or compile ill-matched teams if they think it will help ensure their own place at the top.”
From leaders who operate from fear to those who disclose too much, the level of distrust in an organization and its work groups often is traceable right back to the top. Leaders are often unaware of how they influence their teams and organizational culture by being a model for appropriate behaviors. Here are five behavioral issues a coach can explore with a leader to increase their own level of trustworthiness, thereby influencing the trust levels of the team.
“All leaders have both an agenda they’re driving and an agenda that’s driving them. The agenda you’re driving is the business part of it. The agenda that’s driving you is the psychology part.”
How well does the leader do with these behaviors?
Knowing yourself as a leader
Many people think of leaders as the people who have all the answers, who are on top of everything happening around them and in total control of their surroundings. Leaders might fear appearing incompetent or underachieving and worry about political attacks from rivals. That’s a lot of pressure.
As Bill George writes in his book Discover Your True North, “As we have learned from working with many leaders, the hardest person you will ever have to lead is yourself.” Use an assessment like the Everything DiSC Work of Leaders profile to give leaders insight into their own leadership behaviors and priorities. Leaders need to know what drives them and what they value, and be willing to share that knowledge with their followers. Leaders who present themselves authentically have taken a long stride in their journey toward inspiring trust on their teams.
“True leadership stems from individuality that is honestly and sometimes imperfectly expressed…. Leaders should strive for authenticity over perfection.”
Articulating and acting on your values
People in authority can be good at insisting that they espouse values such as fair treatment, transparency of decisions and budgets, and promotion and hiring in accordance with high standards, and yet their actions show something very different. Employees and staff will eventually look beyond words to make their judgments.
Good leaders are readable and consistent in their behaviors. This establishes what Patrick Lencioni calls predictive trust—you’ll do what you say you’ll do. When the leaders are presented with opposing opinions and views, those around them have a good idea of how they’ll react. Even poor but consistent behavior is easier on a team than is capricious behavior.
To really build trust, leaders need to move beyond predictive trust to vulnerability-based trust, meaning they need to be open and honest with others. Encourage leaders to be honest with themselves about their values. How much are they motivated by a desire for power or influence? What type of leader do they want to be? How do their values help them move the team toward results? Are their actions grounded in their values? Challenge them to prove their commitment to what they say they value.
A 360-degree review can help leaders see through their own blind spots. It can help them see how their team views their actions. A good coach can review results and help a leader take this feedback and use it to align their actions with their values, as well as with the needs of their staff.
“Removing self-interest and personal glory from your motivation on the job is the single most important thing you can do to inspire trust.”
Accepting responsibility for errors and admitting mistakes
Leaders need to know that they are responsible for their teams. If the team fails, so will they. This can trigger a leader’s desire to micromanage to ensure success, but micromanagement is a strong signal of distrust.
Leaders also need to know that they have some time to gain alignment around their vision and see results. The pressure of leadership is easier to handle if leaders have built their position upon core values and if they’ve taken the time to build alignment around vision and the team’s goals.
Leaders need to set a team norm that accepts acknowledgment of failures or limitations and makes it OK to ask for assistance. They need to model this by admitting their own mistakes and by apologizing or fixing the issue.
Leaders who are comfortable with vulnerabilities want to hear from their teams and allow for disagreements and questions before making decisions affecting the team. They know that they are more trustworthy when they follow a fair process and hear from all sides, admitting that they don’t have the facts, experience, and knowledge that the entire team has. A leader with vulnerabilities is stronger than one who insists on having none.
Trusting your team(s)
Moving from management to leadership can be difficult. New leaders are no longer directing work, but providing a vision and obtaining resources and removing barriers. They’re responsible for building the competencies of their team and inspiring more than administering. They need to seek collaboration instead of compliance.
How do people in authority prove to their teams that they are trusted? They listen, know each member as an individual, coach teams through difficulties, share their own knowledge, remove roadblocks, and celebrate team successes. They solicit honest feedback—giving it as well as accepting it. They encourage civil debate. They make their expectations clear and then step back and allow team members to take their own paths. They allow for learning from failures. They make the establishment of trust a high priority.
Coaches, you can help leaders practice these behaviors and hold the leaders accountable for contrary behaviors.
“As a leader, it’s up to you to adapt to the people you have the privilege of leading.”
Recognizing and acknowledging contributions by team members
If a leader trusts their team, they’ll back them up on their journey and take pride in their successes. They’ll acknowledge individual efforts and the team. Recognition shows that the leader doesn’t take their team for granted or take all the credit for team results. Knowing the DiSC® styles of each team member will make it possible for leaders to recognize them in a way they most value.
Trusted leaders also take care in how they assign credit for work. Often, whoever speaks most confidently, loudly, or persistently about an idea or result gets more credit for the idea or result. However, people who are more introverted (or on the S and C DiSC quadrants), female, or from a less individualist culture might actually deserve more of the credit and recognition. Leaders who consistently reward the wrong person can reduce the amount of trust on the team.
Making the maintenance of trust a priority
Trust isn’t an attribute that can be ignored. Trust in leaders can easily slip or be lost during times of upheaval and change. Leaders going through personal challenges can be so focused on their needs that they neglect their teams. A leader seeking a promotion can sometimes lose focus on their core values. Leadership coaches need to watch for this and help leaders take care of themselves and return to a focus on values.
Good leaders aren’t afraid to listen to their teams, looking for signs of an erosion of trust in their leadership and in them as people. They aren’t afraid of asking for help and working with a coach to build their leadership skills. Good coaches encourage leaders to continually examine how they affect their teams.
After working with a leader low in trust, coaches can return to the team and ask them to take a Five Behaviors Team Development Progress Report. Trust scores should go up as trust in the leader improves. Then the team’s work can continue building trust among all team members.