DiSC® Personality Types

DiSC® Personality Types

The D, i, S, and C personality types

DiSC people-reading

All DISC tests, including the Everything DiSC® assessments, are built upon the foundation of what William Moulton Marston identified as four primary emotions and associated behavioral responses. We identify them today as D (dominance), I (influence), S (steadiness), and C (conscientiousness).

The DiSC® model looks at a continuum of pace (activity and energy level) and a continuum of skepticism or trust. Other DISC models tend to look at pacing and another behavioral dimension.

A quick overview of the basic DiSC styles:

Dominance: direct, strong-willed, and forceful (fast-paced and skeptical)

Influence: sociable, talkative, and lively (fast-paced and accepting)

Steadiness: gentle, accommodating, and soft-hearted (moderate-paced and accepting)

Conscientiousness: private, analytical, and logical (moderate-paced and skeptical)

You’ll see that Everything DiSC plots your style within a circle, making it more apparent that we all can exhibit any of the styles at times. This circumplex model also includes a related, but separate, measurement of priorities. In the example below, the respondent has the three priorities typical of the DC style (accuracy, challenge, results) and also the priority of enthusiasm (more often associated with people who have i styles.) We’ve found that the circular model is more easily understood and more memorable than a graph.

Everything DiSC map with dot

Many other DISC profiles (even the original DiSC® Classic profile) often use a graph to show results. Some of them refer to an adaptive style for which Wiley’s researchers have been unable to find any validity. Everyone is able to adapt their style, although some behaviors might be easier to practice than others.

The preciseness of a personality assessment and its validity depends very much upon how well the assessment has been constructed and tested. We recommend using an Everything DiSC assessment if you’re looking for a tool you can have confidence in.

Four DiSC types or 12 styles?

Everything DiSC assessments allow for finer differentiation among styles than just four labels. So some styles will be D, i, S, or C, but there are also styles such as Di or SC. When you complete an Everything DiSC questionnaire, you are scored on eight scales, not four. Your profile report reflects the style that is most descriptive of you.

DiSC measures...

A quick overview of the twelve Everything DiSC styles:

Di: convincing and daring
iD: animated and inspiring
i: highly sociable and lively
iS: upbeat and lighthearted
Si: supportive and agreeable
S: pleasantly calm and accommodating of others
SC: modest and unassuming
CS: quiet and self-controlled
C: analytical and private
CD: unsentimental and matter-of-fact
DC: resolute and strong-willed
D: forceful and direct

Your DiSC Overview (Di style)

Sample page from Everything DiSC Workplace on Catalyst

The Everything DiSC profile provides even more nuance by showing how strongly you prefer your own style. This is reflected by how close your dot is to the edge or to the center. The closer your dot is to the center, the easier it is for you to adopt behaviors associated with other styles.

As you can probably tell, it takes more than reading these descriptors to know which style is yours.

Learn more by reading one of these posts.

How to read DiSC profile results

I took the DiSC test. Now what?

Facts from the Everything DiSC Manual

People-reading with DiSC®

Examples of 12 DiSC styles

How well do you know the 8 DiSC measurement scales?

Comparing Everything DiSC profiles

Everything DiSC ManualIf you want to learn more about how Everything DiSC connects to other models and psychometric theory or about the methodology of its development, be sure to pick up a copy of The Everything DiSC® Manual.


By Kristeen Bullwinkle, updated Jan. 2021


  1. Skip Brown 5 years ago

    This is great material. OK if I cite your website and material at an upcoming free workshop I am doing for the food bank in my area?

    Skip Brown

    • Author
      The DiSCProfile.com team 5 years ago

      Requests to reprint or use any portion of our website should be sent to [email protected] Detail the content you want to use and how it will be used. Thanks for asking first.

  2. Offei Asiamah 4 years ago

    I am into Counseling and would want to use your Test always, acting somehow as your agent here.
    Is that possible?
    I just took one and I’m impressed.

  3. Casey Boykin 4 years ago

    My organization is looking into using this assessment. Who would I reach out to as my main point of contact? Also, do you need to be certified to use this test? I look forward to hearing from you.

    • Author
      The DiSCProfile.com team 4 years ago

      You do not need to be certified. We recommend using one of the facilitation kits if you’re not, however. You’ll find the Everything DiSC assessments and training tools at https://www.discprofile.com.

  4. dr ali hozni 2 years ago

    Hello dearI need your help to solve a scientific challenge.As a researcher on a science project, I needed a disc psychology testBut I have been confused by visiting different sites.Please answer my questions for help?1- Is there a scientific institute in charge of disc testing in theworld?2- There is a different number of questions and methods ofinterpretation in each site, which destroys its validity and reliability.3- How can I find a disc test with originality, with areliable interpretation?4- Why is this test not used in valid scientific articles?Thank you very much and I look forward to your helpDr. Ali Hozni

    • Author
      The DiSCProfile.com team 2 years ago

      First you should understand that there are many assessments out there based on the DISC model. Some, like Everything DiSC, have gone through rigorous testing and validation. Most have not. See Science behind DiSC for more information.

  5. Andrew MCadam 1 year ago

    Very nice blog. Thanks for providing us very informative information about the disc personality test.

  6. Anjali Varma 11 months ago

    I would like to know more about DISC. How can I get in touch?

    • Author
      The DiSCProfile.com team 11 months ago

      Read more on this website or visit discprofile.com.

  7. Christina 9 months ago

    Is it ok to use some of this DISC overview information to share with our agents here at my realtor’s office, or would that be infringing on copyright laws?

    • Author
      The DiSCProfile.com team 9 months ago

      Thank you for asking. If you are using this information in conjunction with an Everything DiSC training using any of profiles in that suite, you may use this content and/or images. If you’re using another assessment based on the DISC model, then the information likely will not apply.

      • Christina 9 months ago

        Thank you for this. It is simply a quick test where they answer either/or questions (I’m not sure if it is technically Everything DISC or not). Then I look at their answers & tell them where they score out of the 4 personalities. I’m just wanting to make sure you are okay with/giving permission to use some info here, to give them a brief description of what personality they are? If this isn’t allowed with this website, I’ll totally respect that. Please let me know what is best.

  8. Christina 9 months ago

    I just wanted to verify: is it permitted with your company if I use some of this DISC overview information on this website, to share with our agents? Or would that infringe in copyright regulations? I do not recall if the current info we use is Everything DISC. I’m just looking online for something that will describe in more detail what what exact personality they end up scoring as when they take the DISC test.
    Thank you,

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